Marriage and Parenthood

young couple Peru

Across all Young Lives countries, both young people and their parents now believe it is acceptable to marry later and delay childbirth for economic and health reasons. However, while the rise in schooling is enabling more young people to access information about reproductive health, many girls are still entering into early marriage and childbearing, despite the association with higher infant and maternal mortality, health risks due to physical immaturity, and higher overall fertility.

As our Older Cohort are in their early twenties, many are marrying and starting a family. By the age of 19, over a third of girls in our India sample are already married, and in both India and Ethiopia, many girls are still marrying well below the legal age of 18. Early childbearing is also still prevalent; nearly a quarter of girls in Peru have had a baby by the time they are 19.

In 2016 Young Lives is carrying out qualitative sub-studies in Ethiopia and India to look more closely at the drivers of early marriage. Field research in India will also look at the changes and challenges encountered by adolescents once they are married, particularly with regards to their sexual and reproductive health needs, choices and behaviours and their experiences of motherhood and fatherhood. By exploring young people’s pathways into marriage and parenthood we can contribute to the policy debates about how best to address not just early marriage and early child-bearing but the concerns of adolescent girls and boys in their transitions to adulthood.

Latest research: Marriage and parenthood

A Statistical Analysis of Child Marriage in India based on 2011 Census
Country report
Young Women’s Household Bargaining Power in Marriage and Parenthood in Ethiopia
Working paper
The Interplay Between Community, Household and Child Level Influences on Trajectories to Early Marriage in Ethiopia
Working paper
Child Marriage and Early Child-bearing in India: Risk Factors and Policy Implications
Policy paper
Understanding teenage fertility, cohabitation, and marriage: the case of Peru
Working paper
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Teenage Marriage, Fertility, and Well-being: Panel Evidence from India
Working paper
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Tackling Child Marriage and Early Childbearing in India
Policy paper
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Addressing the Risk Factors for Early Marriage in Vietnam
Policy paper

Research Countries