Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the Horn of Africa with a population of 80.7 million. Despite international commitments and sustained economic growth, almost 40 per cent of Ethiopians survive on less than 1.25 dollars a day. And although child mortality has fallen, access to healthcare has improved and advances have been made in primary education, the United Nations still ranks Ethiopia 174 out of 187 countries in terms of human development. Eighty-five per cent of Ethiopians are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood but rises in food prices and regular droughts mean that many families are unable to buy or grow enough food to feed themselves.
Ethiopia’s high levels of poverty have a devastating impact on children. By talking to the children and their families, and conducting school and household surveys, we are building a comprehensive picture of what it is like for children living in a country where one in every eight dies before reaching their fifth birthday.
Preliminary findings from the Round 4 survey
Our fact sheets present early, descriptive findings from Round 4 of our household and child survey:
Our study sites
We are working in 20 communities in Addis Ababa, Amhara, Oromia, Southern National, Nationalities and People’s Region, and Tigray. These regions 96 per cent of the total population, and almost 97 per cent of the total number of children aged 18 months and below. We over-sampled poor and food-poor communities, and with some of the highest rates of poverty between them, our sites represent some of Ethiopia’s most poor and marginalised. Read our Survey Design and Sampling fact sheet.
Visit the Young Lives Ethiopia for more information and resources.