Peru is a country rich in resources with good access to basic services such as water, sanitation and maternal health. As the fastest-growing economy in Latin America, it is classified by the World Bank as an ‘upper-middle income’ country. The country is ethnically, culturally and geographically diverse resulting in a strong mix of traditional heritages.

CeciliaNearly 90 per cent of adults are considered literate and over 93 per cent of children below 12 are enrolled in primary school. Although social expenditure has been low, welfare initiatives such as cash transfers and child care programmes are beginning to provide assistance to some of Peru’s 29 million inhabitants.

In spite of the country´s strong economic performance and reductions in poverty, inequalities between different groups and different areas have been very difficult to overcome. While 19 per cent of people in towns are poor, this rises to 51 per cent of people living in rural areas. Levels of poverty, infant mortality, maternal mortality and malnourishment among indigenous groups are twice as high as national averages. Of the 3.8 million Peruvians living in extreme poverty, 2.1 million are children.

Preliminary findings from the Round 4 survey

Our fact sheets present early, descriptive findings from Round 4 of our household and child survey:

Household Welfare

Nutrition and Health

Education and Learning

Youth and Development

Graphics and visualisation of Round 4 findings


Peru study sitesOur sample sites

Like the other Young Lives study countries, we started off working in 20 sentinel sites, but high rates of migration mean we are now carrying out our research in 74 communities across Peru. Together, our study sites cover different geographical regions, levels of development, urban and rural locations and population characteristics. For an explanation about the study design, read our Survey Design and Sampling fact sheet



More information

Visit the Niños del Milenio website for information and resources in Spanish and English.



Ninos del Milenio 150dpi

Visit our Niños del Milenio website to find out more about the work of Young Lives in Peru (website in Spanish).


In Peru Young Lives is known as Niños del Milenio. Our research partners are:

Grupo de Análisis para el Desarollo (GRADE) and

Instituto de Investigación Nutricional (IIN)


To contact the team in Peru, e-mail , Communications Coordinator

We need to end child poverty in order to break the cycle of poverty.