Since the mid-1980s, Vietnam has recovered from war and emerged to become a market-oriented economy. In that time, the country has been through financial crisis as well as rapid growth. Living conditions have steadily improved and the number of people living in poverty has fallen substantially.

  • Significant improvements in health care have led to the eradication of Polio and a fall in the number of infant and maternal deaths.
  • 95 per cent of the population now have access to safe drinking water.
  • 93 per cent of adults are literate.

Dao28 per cent of Vietnam’s 88 million inhabitants are below the age of 18. Most attend primary and secondary school; most have access to adequate health care and can expect to live longer than their parents. But not everyone is benefitting equally from Vietnam’s prosperity. There are widening gaps between rich and poor, urban and rural areas and ethnic groups.

  • 94 per cent of rural households have adequate sanitation facilities compared to 68 per cent in rural areas.
  • While only 13 per cent of the Kinh majority is thought to experience poverty, almost 70 per cent of the ethnic minority population is considered poor.


Preliminary findings from the Round 4 survey

Our fact sheets present early, descriptive findings from Round 4 of our household and child survey:

Nutrition and Health

Education and Learning

Youth and Development

Graphics and visualisation of Round 4 findings 

Vietnam study sitesOur sample sites

Young Lives research is based in 20 communities in the communes of Lao Cai in the north-west, Hung Yen province in the Red River Delta, the city of Danang on the coast, Phu Yen province from the South Central Coast and Ben Tre province on the Mekong River Delta. Together, these five areas cover different geographical regions, levels of development, urban/rural locations and population characteristics. For an explanation about the study design, read our Survey Design and Sampling fact sheet.


More information

Visit the Young Lives Vietnam website for more information and resources in Vietnamese.


CP_H'Mai_VIE25-girl with cards and girl with baby

Visit our Young Lives Vietnam website to find out more about our work (in Vietnamese).


In Vietnam Young Lives works with:

Centre for Analysis and Forecast, Viet Nam Academy of Social Sciences (CAF-VASS)

General Statistics Office of Viet Nam (GSO)

To contact the team in Vietnam, email

We need to end child poverty in order to break the cycle of poverty.