- Peru has achieved important economic and social improvements in recent decades. But the education system and labour market remain underdeveloped and highly unequal affecting young people's access to decent jobs.
This research project, funded by the ESRC, has investigated why by focussing on 3 themes:
1. What drives young Peruvians' decisions about their higher education, training, and skill acquisition?
- What affects their decision to enrol in higher education? What is the role of earnings expectations? (See our Discussion Paper)
- What skill sets do young people have who access higher – or lower - quality higher education? (See our Discussion Paper and Non-Technical Summary)
2. What constrains or promotes the development of skills through childhood and adolescence?
- How does inequality and early life circumstances affect the acquisition of skills? [See our Discussion Paper, and non Technical Summary)
- How effective is the secondary education system in Peru in developing appropriate skills? What makes a good school? (see our Working Paper)
- How effective was the school-improvement program ("Jornada Escolar Completa") which increased both the contact hours in targeted schools and their resources. (See JEC paper)
3. Why are some young Peruvian men and women more likely than others to find decent and meaningful work?
- What are the key factors, opportunities and barriers influencing young people’s work trajectories? In particular, how do gender, shocks, social networks and mobility interact to affect young people’s access to meaningful work?
Qualitative fieldwork on this topic has been completed and analysis is underway.
The high-quality, timely and policy-relevant research have produced through this research has the potential to shape policy and recommendations in Peru and beyond. The research team have engaged with policymakers and NGO representatives in Peru, and at the Inter-American Development Bank in Washington DC.
This research will be presented and discussed on Friday 14th May at a Special Session of a four day online conference Learning from Longitudianal Studies in Low and Middle-Income Countries: before, during and after Covid-19, presented by Young Lives, CLOSER and Lancaster University Management School.
Full list of publications
Expecting Better? How Young People Form Their Earnings Expectations - Marta Favara, Paul Glewwe, Catherine Porter and Alan Sánchez
Stratification of Returns to Higher Education in Peru: the Role of Education Quality and Major Choices - Alan Sánchez, Marta Favara and Catherine Porter
Human Capital Development: New Evidence on the Production of Socio-Emotional Skills - Mark Mitchell, Marta Favara, Catherine Porter, Alan Sánchez
"¿Más recursos escolares mejoran los resultados de aprendizaje? Evidencia de la reforma de Jornada Escolar Completa", GRADE: Análisis & Propuestas, 57 - Jorge M. Agüero, Marta Favara, Catherine Porter, Alan Sanchez
"Estratificación de los retornos a la educación superior en el Perú: el rol de la calidad de la educación y las opciones de carrera", GRADE: Análisis & Propuestas, 58 - Alan Sanchez , Marta Favara, Catherine Porter
What difference do schools make? A mixed methods study in secondary schools in Peru, GRADE, - Juan León, Gabriella Guerrero, Santiago Cueto, Paul Glewwe
¿Qué diferencia hacen las escuelas? Un estudio de métodos mixtos en colegios secundarios del Perú, GRADE - Juan León, Gabriella Guerrero, Santiago Cueto, Paul Glewwe