Young Lives findings across the four study countries has shown that poorer children and those in rural areas have already fallen behind by the age of 5, hindered by a lack of opportunities to learn. Parents and children who require most support are often doubly disadvantaged: by the poverty of their circumstances, and by difficulties in accessing good-quality early childhood programmes. Minority groups are especially at risk because of language and cultural barriers.
Our evidence has shown that pro-poor early childhood interventions are key to prevent the poorest children from falling behind, while a carefully designed curriculum, high-quality teaching and a focus on the whole class may help to deliver more equitable outcomes at school.
Latest research: Early education
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