Rafael is a Senior Research Fellow at University College London (UCL), Institute of Education, where he leads the CLOSER International project. His main research and professional interests are at the intersection of labor and development economics and public policy, particularly in the design and evaluation of policy interventions related to skills formation, TVET programs, and labor intermediation. Rafael is also an Associate Research Fellow at the Centre on Skills, Knowledge, and Organisational Performance (SKOPE) at the University of Oxford. Before joining UCL, Rafael worked on several research projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, at the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Bank, the University of Genoa, the Group for the Analysis of Development (GRADE), and the Ministry of Health of Peru. Rafael holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Essex.